Indian Journal of Radiology Indian Journal of Radiology  

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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 64-69
A study to assess the knowledge and practice of medical professionals on radiation protection in interventional radiology

1 Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasouj, Iran
2 Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences; Department of Radiology, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shira University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 Department of Radiology, Faculty of Paramedical, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
4 Department of Radiation Sciences, School of Paramedical Sciences, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
5 Department of Chemistry, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Zaker Salehi
Department of Radiation Sciences, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijri.IJRI_333_19

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Objective: Ionizing radiation has been extensively used in medical procedures throughout the world. Such interventional radiological procedures could result in occupational exposure that needs urgent control. Therefore, MPs (medical professionals) should receive education and appropriate training on occupational radiation protection. In this context, the present study is aimed to investigate the MPs' knowledge and practice regarding radiation protection principles during interventional radiological procedures. Material and Methods: A descriptive questionnaire-based study was carried out among 215 MPs involved in interventional fluoroscopy procedures. The practice of 31 MPs was studied using a checklist based on ALARA principles and ICRP guidelines. Results: A total of 43.3% and 45.1% answered correctly for knowledge and practice. However, the difference between radiation protection knowledge and practice between the physicians and nurses was statistically significant. The knowledge and practice survey of MPs demonstrated that nurses rarely adhered to radiation-protection measures. Conclusion: The present study reflects the lack of knowledge and practice concerning radiation protection concepts among the nurses. This deficiency needs to be resolved by periodic practical radiation protection courses in the curriculum of medicine.

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