Indian Journal of Radiology Indian Journal of Radiology  

   Login   | Users online: 575

Home Bookmark this page Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font size Increase font size     


Year : 2010  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-38
Refractory post visual internal urethrotomy bleeding managed by angioembolization

Department of Urology, K.E.M Hospital, Mumbai, India

Click here for correspondence address and email

Date of Web Publication6-Feb-2010


Post visual internal urethrotomy (VIU) bleeding is usually treated successfully with local compression. Angioembolization for post VIU bleeding has not been previously reported to the best of our knowledge. This is a case report of a 55-year-old man who was referred with persistent per urethral bleeding around a Foley catheter, three days following VIU. When standard methods of treatment were unsuccessful, the bleeding was controlled by embolizing the bulbourethral artery with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles.

Keywords: Angioembolization; bleeding; stricture urethra; visual internal urethrotomy

How to cite this article:
Dhabalia JV, Nelivigi GG, Punia MS, Kumar V. Refractory post visual internal urethrotomy bleeding managed by angioembolization. Indian J Radiol Imaging 2010;20:37-8

How to cite this URL:
Dhabalia JV, Nelivigi GG, Punia MS, Kumar V. Refractory post visual internal urethrotomy bleeding managed by angioembolization. Indian J Radiol Imaging [serial online] 2010 [cited 2020 Nov 29];20:37-8. Available from:

   Introduction Top

Visual internal urethrotomy (VIU) using a cold cutting knife is the first choice of treatment for a short-segment stricture of the urethra. [1],[2] The most common complications are recurrence of the stricture and bleeding. [2],[3] Post VIU bleeding is usually treated with local compression. Rarely, electrofulguration is required. We report a case of post VIU bleeding that failed to respond to local compression and transurethral fulguration. The patient was successfully treated with selective angioembolization.

   Case Report Top

A 55-year-old man was referred with persistent per urethral bleeding around an 18 French Foley catheter, three days after VIU, performed for a 1-cm long mid-bulbar stricture. There was also history of a VIU performed 10 years earlier. The patient's hemoglobin level had dropped from 12 gm% to 4 gm%. All other hematological and biochemical parameters, including the coagulation profile, were normal. USG revealed a normal upper tract. There was a 3 x 2.5 cm bladder clot. The prostate was normal, with a volume of 16 cc. Urethrocystoscopy revealed mucosal edema and a spurter at the 12 o'clock position. Fulguration was done with electrocautery and complete hemostasis was achieved. However, the bleeding recurred after 24 hours and did not respond to local compression. Hence the patient was considered for selective internal pudendal artery angiography, which revealed extravasation from the bulbourethral artery at the distal end of the internal pudendal artery [Figure 1]. Using the transfemoral approach, a 5F sheath was placed in the right femoral artery and a 5F Cobra catheter was advanced to the origin of the internal pudendal artery. A microcatheter-wire system was subsequently advanced into the major bleeding bulbourethral artery, which was embolized using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles (average size 500-750 µm) (Cook Bloomington Inc., USA). The bleeding stopped completely [Figure 2] and the catheter was removed after three days. At three months follow-up, the patient had normal voiding and a normal erection, with no recurrence of bleeding.

   Discussion Top

VIU using a cold cutting knife at the 12 o'clock position [1] is the universally accepted treatment for a short-segment stricture of the urethra. Electrosurgical treatment of the stricture is not preferred due to a high recurrence rate. Next to recurrence, bleeding is the most common complication. [2],[3] The usual position of the bulbourethral arteries is at the 3 o'clock and 9 o'clock positions. However, variable but symmetric location of the bulbourethral arteries as also loss of symmetry in patients with strictures have been reported. [4] The 12 o' clock position, however, remains the most common site for the urethral incision in VIU.

Post VIU bleeding is usually well controlled with local compression and rarely requires electrofulguration. We have shown that in the presence of significant loss of blood and failure of conservative treatment and transurethral fulguration, selective angiography and angiembolization can be used to successfully control bleeding without causing failure of erection or impotence.

   References Top

1.Sachse H. Treatment of urethral stricture: Transurethral slit in view using sharp section. Fortschr Med 1974; 92:12-5.  Back to cited text no. 1  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
2.Pansadoro V, Emiliozi P. Internal urethrotomy in the management of anterior urethral strictures (long-term follow-up). J Urol 1996;156:73-5.  Back to cited text no. 2      
3.Chilton CP, Shah PJ, Fowler CG, Tiptaft RC, Blandy JP. The impact of optical urethrotomy on the management of urethral strictures. Br J Urol 1983;55:705-10.  Back to cited text no. 3  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
4.Kishore TA, Bhat S, John RP. Colour doppler ultrasonographic location of the bulbourethral artery, and its impact on surgical outcome. BJU Int 2003;96:624-8.  Back to cited text no. 4      

Correspondence Address:
Vikash Kumar
101/A, Panchsheel-1, Raheja Township, Malad (E), Mumbai
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-3026.59750

Rights and Permissions


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]

This article has been cited by
1 Traumatic Pseudoaneurysm of Bulbourethral Artery Managed by Coil Embolization
Jeyaseelan Nadarajah,Vinit Baliyan,Ajay Kumar Yadav,Atin Kumar,Shivanand Gamanagatti,Ashish Saini,Amit Gupta
Indian Journal of Surgery. 2014;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]


    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

    Case Report
    Article Figures

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded225    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal