Year : 2003 | Volume
: 13 | Issue : 1 | Page : 91--92
Antenatal diagnosis of vein of Galen aneurysm - case report
Department of Ultrasonography, Balku's Scan, PVS Hospital, Calicut 2, Kerala, 673002, India
Balku«SQ»s Scan, Railway Station Road, PVS Hospital, Calicut 2, Kerala, 673002
|How to cite this article:|
Balakumar K. Antenatal diagnosis of vein of Galen aneurysm - case report.Indian J Radiol Imaging 2003;13:91-92
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Balakumar K. Antenatal diagnosis of vein of Galen aneurysm - case report. Indian J Radiol Imaging [serial online] 2003 [cited 2020 Apr 3 ];13:91-92
Available from: http://www.ijri.org/text.asp?2003/13/1/91/28636
Antenatal detection of intracranial cystic spaces demands color Doppler evaluation for a specific diagnosis. This case illustrates the ultrasonographic diagnostic features of vein of Galen aneurysm in a 32 weeks fetus with the help of color Doppler and power angio scans.
A 27-year-old second gravida with normal obstetric history was referred for a routine scanning at 32 weeks of gestation. Her uterine size was corresponding to the period of amenorrhoea.
The ultrasound scan [Figure 1] showed a normal fetus with average biometric values and normal volume of liquor. The gray scale image revealed a midline irregular anechoic space in the brain measuring 34 * 14 mm, lying posterosuperior to the third ventricle. Color Doppler [Figure 2] and power angio [Figure 3] scanning detected moderate turbulent flow in the cystic space with few feeder vessels merging at the periphery. A larger tubular vessel was seen toward the occipital region. These findings were diagnostic of vein of Galen aneurysm. The ventricles showed no dilation now. There were no signs of cardiomegaly or early hydrops. The other fetal morphological features were normal. Placenta had normal thickness and echo texture.
The unpaired great cerebral vein of Galen is formed by the fusion of two internal cerebral veins at the caudal part of the tela choroidea of the third ventricle. It passes caudally and dorsally to merge with the inferior sagittal sinus forming the straight sinus. An aneurysm involving the vein of Galen is a rare sporadic entity of unknown aetiology. Nearly 200 cases have been reported in the literature. The typical diagnostic features are of a midline irregular dilated vascular channel posterosuperior to the third ventricle and directed to the occipital region ,,,. Associated high-output cardiac failure is seen in 95% leading to hydrops. Hydrocephalus, subarachnoid or intraventricular hemorrhage may be seen in 5% . Other sonographically detectable findings such as cardiomegaly, pericardial effusion, hepatosplenomegaly, ascites and polyhydramnios may also be evident. Ballantyne syndrome characterised by maternal edema, fetal edema and placentomegaly is rarely reported . The usual differential diagnoses include arachnoid cyst, cavum vergi, cavum septum pellucidum and quadrigeminal cistern. None of these show flow on Doppler evaluation.
Serial scanning is indicated to monitor the development of obstructive hydrocephalus or hydrops since the prognosis depends on these.
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