Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging

MUSCULOSKELETAL RADIOLOGY
Year
: 2000  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 229--231

Quantitative ultrasound as a tool for assessment of bone status: An initial experience


Anand L Parihar, Vandana M Dialani, Anant S Mashankar, Parag S Salkade, Manoj S Varma 
 Mandakini Imaging Centre, Pancholi Hops Building, Mumbai - 400 077, India

Correspondence Address:
Anand L Parihar
Mandakini Imaging Centre, Pancholi Hops Building, 90 Feet Road, Ghatkopar (E) Mumbai - 400 077
India

Objectives: To determine the incidence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in the general population using broadband ultrasound bone densitometer. Material and Methods: Heel bone mineral densitometry was performed in 1713 patients with the help of a broadband ultrasond bone densitometer. The broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and ultrasonic speed of sound (SOS) of the calcaneus were measured to obtain quantitative ultrasound index (QUI), bone mineral density (BMD), T-score and Z-score. Fracture risk was also estimated. Results: Out of the 1713 patients, 685 (39.9%) were found to have osteopenia and 190 (11%) had osteoporosis. The incidence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in women (41.6% and 14.2% respectively) was found to be higher than the values in men (37.1% and 5.5 % respectively). The incidence of osteopenia in the 31-39 years age group was found to be comparable in men and women (30.1% and 26.4% respectively). However, after the age of 40, the incidence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in women rose rapidly and was higher than that in men. Discussion: Bone formation is at itSQs peak in the mid 20SQs and continues till the age of 30-35 years after which the bone resorption gradually becomes faster than the formation of new bone. Bone density at any age would depend on peak bone density and the subsequent rate of bone loss. It is therefore important to determine the BMD in this age group to prevent osteoporosis and related complications later. Similarly it is important to subject women to assessment of BMD routinely after the age of 40 years as they are definitely at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis with advancing age.


How to cite this article:
Parihar AL, Dialani VM, Mashankar AS, Salkade PS, Varma MS. Quantitative ultrasound as a tool for assessment of bone status: An initial experience.Indian J Radiol Imaging 2000;10:229-231


How to cite this URL:
Parihar AL, Dialani VM, Mashankar AS, Salkade PS, Varma MS. Quantitative ultrasound as a tool for assessment of bone status: An initial experience. Indian J Radiol Imaging [serial online] 2000 [cited 2020 Jul 6 ];10:229-231
Available from: http://www.ijri.org/article.asp?issn=0971-3026;year=2000;volume=10;issue=4;spage=229;epage=231;aulast=Parihar;type=0