Indian Journal of Radiology Indian Journal of Radiology  

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CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 313-317
A rare case of bleeding duodenal varices from superior mesenteric vein obstruction -treated with transhepatic recanalization and stent placement

Department of Radiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ambarish P Bhat
Department of Radiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, One Hospital Drive, Columbia - 65212, MO
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijri.IJRI_21_19

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Ectopic varices are complex and highly variable entities that are not fully understood. Duodenal varices from pancreatitis have rarely been reported. Ectopic varices have much higher bleeding rates than the more common gastro-esophageal varices, and are associated with higher mortality. The ideal management of this difficult problem is not only to ensure prompt hemostasis, but also address the etiology or hemodynamics of the ectopic varices. We discuss the endovascular management of bleeding duodenal varices, which developed from superior mesenteric vein occlusion, following repeated attacks of pancreatitis. This unusual case was managed by a multidisciplinary collaborative approach between the gastrointestinal service and Interventional radiology. The classification system for ectopic varices and management options has been discussed in some detail. Medium term follow-up (8 months), at the time of this writing, showed that the patient is doing well, without interval hematemesis, imaging findings of recurrent/new varices or stent occlusion.

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