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MUSCULOSKELETAL RADIOLOGY Table of Contents   
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 78-80
Emphysematous osteomyelitis: Report of two cases and review of literature


Department of Radio-diagnosis, Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Aakshit Goyal
Department of Radio-diagnosis, Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Sarfarazganj, Hardoi Road, Lucknow - 226003, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijri.IJRI_28_17

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Emphysematous osteomyelitis is a rare condition characterized by the presence of intraosseous gas. A prompt diagnosis is required for this disease to expedite management as it is a potentially fatal condition. Many comorbidities, such as malignancy, diabetes mellitus, alcohol abuse, Crohn's disease, and other etiologies causing immunosuppression, predispose to this condition. The causative organisms are generally anaerobes or members of Enterobacteriaceae family; however, the infection can be mono or polymicrobial. We report two cases affected with emphysematous osteomyelitis due to varied underlying comorbidities. The purpose of this study is to (a) emphasize the importance of computed tomography in diagnosing emphysematous osteomyelitis and (b) to highlight an unusual location of this rare pathology.


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