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PAEDIATRIC IMAGING Table of Contents   
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 78-81
Inguinoscrotal hernia in infants: Three case reports in ultrasound diagnosis


Department of Radiodiagnosis, Govt. Medical College and Associated Group of Hospitals, Kota, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dharmraj Meena
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Govt. Medical College and Associated Group of Hospitals, Kota - 324 001, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-3026.202951

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An inguinal hernia occurs when an intestinal loop or part of the omentum or genital organs passes into the scrotal cavity or labia through an incompletely obliterated processus vaginalis. Inguinal hernias are most common in preterm neonates, especially at 32-weeks gestation. Content of hernia is mostly bowel and ovary/testicles. Presence of uterus in herniated sac is rare, and only few cases are reported in literature. Hernia is more frequently located on the right side because the right processus vaginalis closes later than the left. Physical examination is sufficient to enable diagnosis in most cases. Ultrasound examination is indicated in patients with inconclusive physical findings, in patients with acute scrotum, and to investigate contralateral involvement in patients in whom only a unilateral hernia is clinically evident. Routinely, color or power Doppler imaging is used in inguinal-scrotal hernia to investigate intestinal and testicular/ovarian perfusion. Urgent surgery is indicated in patients with an akinetic dilated bowel loop (a sign of strangulation) or impaired testicular/ovarian perfusion.


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