Indian Journal of Radiology Indian Journal of Radiology  

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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 111
Author's reply

1 Department of Radiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

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Date of Web Publication27-Mar-2017

How to cite this article:
Putta T, Irodi A, Thangakunam B, Oliver A. Author's reply. Indian J Radiol Imaging 2017;27:111

How to cite this URL:
Putta T, Irodi A, Thangakunam B, Oliver A. Author's reply. Indian J Radiol Imaging [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Jul 14];27:111. Available from:

We thank you for your interest in our article, your constructive comments, and for bringing up the important topic of Gorham Stout syndrome.

Indeed, many authors consider generalized lymphangiomatosis (or generalized lymphatic anomaly), Gorham Stout disease, and Kaposiform lymphangiomatosis to be a spectrum of complex lymphatic anomalies with overlapping clinical and imaging findings.[1]

However, at present, Gorham Stout disease and generalized lymphatic anomaly are considered to be separate entities. Massive osteolysis with involvement of contiguous bones and visceral involvement in continuity with the involved bones is considered typical of Gorham Stout disease. In contrast, bone involvement in generalized lymphatic anomaly is less severe with multifocal discontinuous involvement and without cortical destruction. Furthermore, visceral involvement is more severe and not necessarily related to the lytic bone lesions.[2]

Our patient had multifocal mild involvement of bones without cortical destruction. The pleural involvement was not related to bone involvement, and lung involvement was pronounced. Although pleural involvement contiguous with massive osteolysis of adjacent ribs and chylothorax is described in Gorham Stout disease,[3],[4] we did not come across any reference for remarkable lung involvement.

We agree that more studies are required to assess the etiopathogenesis as well as treatment options. The rarity of these diseases hinders such studies. We would like to reiterate that radiologists' role in the diagnosis of these rare diseases is paramount.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

   References Top

Trenor CC 3rd, Chaudry G. Complex lymphatic anomalies. Semin Pediatr Surg 2014;23:186-90.  Back to cited text no. 1
Lala S, Mulliken JB, Alomari AI, Fishman SJ, Kozakewich HP, Chaudry G. Gorham-Stout disease and generalized lymphatic anomaly--clinical, radiologic, and histologic differentiation. Skeletal Radiol 2013;42:917-24.  Back to cited text no. 2
Tie ML, Poland GA, Rosenow EC 3rd. Chylothorax in Gorham's Syndrome: A Common Complication of a Rare Disease. Chest 1994;105:208-13.  Back to cited text no. 3
Fujiu K, Kanno R, Suzuki H, Nakamura N, Gotoh M. Chylothorax Associated With Massive Osteolysis (Gorham's Syndrome). Ann Thorac Surg 2002;73:1956-7.  Back to cited text no. 4

Correspondence Address:
Tharani Putta
Department of Radiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-3026.202969

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