Indian Journal of Radiology Indian Journal of Radiology  

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ABDOMINAL IMAGING Table of Contents   
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 342-351
CT manifestations of small bowel ischemia due to impaired venous drainage-with a correlation of pathologic findings

Department of Radiology, Yuan's General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Republic of China

Correspondence Address:
Chung Kuao Chou
Department of Radiology, Yuan's General Hospital, No. 162. Cheng-Kung 1st Rd., Kaohsiung 80249, Taiwan
Republic of China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-3026.190426

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Acute abdominal pain may result from a wide variety of medical and surgical diseases. One of these diseases is small bowel ischemia, which may result in a catastrophic outcome if not recognized and treated promptly. Computed tomography (CT) by its faster image acquisition, thinner collimation, high resolution, and multiplanar reformatted images has become the most important imaging modality in evaluating the acute abdominal conditions. In this article, the author presents a description of the histology of the small bowel, pathophysiology of small bowel change, and a correlation of the pathologic and CT findings of the small bowel injuries due to impaired venous drainage. A convincing correlation of the microscopic mucosal condition with the enhancement pattern of the thickened small bowel wall on CT is useful in definitely describing the mucosal viability.

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