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CHEST RADIOLOGY Table of Contents   
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-14
Inadvertent chest tube insertion in congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation and congenital lobar emphysema-highlighting an important problem


1 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Assoc. Kalawati Saran Childrens Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Assoc. Kalawati Saran Childrens Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Shailesh M Prabhu
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Assoc. SSK and KSC Hospitals, Connaught Place, New Delhi - 01
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-3026.113612

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Background: Chest tube insertion in congenital cystic lung lesions is an important problem in children with acute respiratory distress having a cystic lucent lesion on chest radiograph. Objective: To evaluate the imaging findings and complications in cases of congenital cystic lung lesions with chest tube insertion and suggest the role of appropriate imaging for management of these patients. Materials and Methods: Chest radiographs and CT scans of children with congenital cystic lung lesions who had inadvertent chest tube insertion preoperatively were retrospectively reviewed for imaging appearances and complications. Results: Fifteen patients comprising 10 cases of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) and 5 cases of congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) were included. Majority of the cases were infants. CCAM was misdiagnosed as complicated pneumatocele (n = 5) and pneumothorax (n = 5), while CLE was misdiagnosed as tension pneumothorax (n = 5) on the chest radiograph findings. Final diagnosis was made on CT and operative findings with histopathology. Complications noted were pneumothorax, hydropneumothorax, and infection in cases of CCAM, and change in imaging appearance and pneumothorax in cases of CLE. Conclusion: Chest tube insertion in congenital cystic lesions increases the rate of associated complications. Chest CT has a definite role in early diagnosis and deciding appropriate management in these cases.


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