Indian Journal of Radiology Indian Journal of Radiology  

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GENITO-URINARY IMAGING Table of Contents   
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 222-231
Radiological appearances of uterine fibroids


Department of Radiology, Norfolk & Norwich University Hospital, Colney Lane, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7UY, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Sue Wilde
Department of Radiology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, King's Lynn, Norfolk, PE30 4ET
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-3026.54887

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Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyomas, are the commonest uterine neoplasms. Although benign, they can be associated with significant morbidity and are the commonest indication for hysterectomy. They are often discovered incidentally when performing imaging for other reasons. Usually first identified with USG, they can be further characterized with MRI. They are usually easily recognizable, but degenerate fibroids can have unusual appearances. In this article, we describe the appearances of typical and atypical uterine fibroids, unusual fibroid variants and fibroid mimics on different imaging modalities. Knowledge of the different appearances of fibroids on imaging is important as it enables prompt diagnosis and thereby guides treatment.


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