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Year : 2003  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 169-172
Ultrasonography in teen age pregnancy


Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences, Sreepuram, Karketpally, Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh-508254, India

Correspondence Address:
S Tripathy
Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences, Sreepuram, Karketpally, Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh-508254
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Aim : To evaluate complications of teenage pregnancy by Ultrasonography, Repeated ultrasonography is necessary in high risk teenagers because of the complications they face during pregnancy and labour such as IUFD, Anemia, Preeclampsia, congenital anomalies and abnormal presentations. They also face more psychological and physical stress in relation to older women. Material and Methods : One hundred and twenty Patients attending the antenatal clinic of age group of 13-20 years were taken for ultrasonography. 50 percent of patients attending the antenatal clinic are of age group of 13-20 years. Results : Abnormal presentations were seen in 10 (8.33 percent) patients and anemia was seen in 10 (8.33 percent) patients and IUFD in 6(5 percent) patients. As there are underdevelopments of pelvis and CPD In teenagers the number of caeserean sections were high. Around 43.91 percent of patients delivered by caeserean section, remaining 17.3 percent underwent assisted (Low forceps) delivery and the remaining normal deliveries (38.79 percent) Conclusions : Since the bulk of deliveries in India especially in rural areas take place at home, the risk to mother's life is high. This is compounded by early pregnancy, malnutrition and inadequate antenatal care. More than 60 percent deliveries in rural India are attended by untrained persons. This affects both infant and Maternal mortality rates. Better antenatal care, health education and awareness can reduce these complications.


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